Summary of an article looking at sleep, tiredness, musculoskeletal complains and mental wellbeing in young athletes.
1266 boys and 1251 girls PIAMA birth cohort (1996-1997).
Two surveys at ages 11 and 14 years.
- musculoskeletal complains within last year
- mental health status
- being bullied
- sleeping problems
- daytime tiredness
- sports injuries (injuries “during sports activities or physical education”)
- 15.8% of 11-year-olds and 24.4% 14-year-olds reported a musculoskeletal complaint within the last year.
- Complains increased more in girls than boys, especially for back pain, from the age of 11 to the age of 14. 40% of those who reported a complaint at the age of 11 also reported musculoskeletal complaints at the age of 14.
- Higher weight for age and smoking were associated with more back pain.
- Being bullied was associated with back complaints.
- Problems with sleeping were associated with back and lower limb complaints.
- Poor mental status and hyperactivity were associated with upper limb complaints.
- Daytime tiredness was associated with upper and lower limb complaints.
- All complaints combined were associated with worrying, being bullied, sleeping problems and daytime tiredness.
- Sports injuries were statistically associated with musculoskeletal complaints.
Take home message
For a clinician
Musculoskeletal complaint at the age of 11 was strongly associated with a complaint at 14. Complaints increase from age 11 to age 14. Prevelence of complaints was higher in girls, those with sleeping problems, daytime tiredness and sports injuries.
For a parent
From ages 11 to 14 musculoskeletal complaints increased. Girls, those with sleeping problems, daytime tiredness, and sports injuries have more musculoskeletal complaints.
For an athlete
If you are a girl, have sleeping problems or daytime tiredness, you are at a higher risk of musculoskeletal complaints.
Picavet HS, Berentzen N, Scheuer N, Ostelo RW, Brunekreef B, Smit HA, Wijga A. Musculoskeletal complaints while growing up from age 11 to age 14: the PIAMA birth cohort study. Pain. 2016 Dec 1;157(12):2826-33.