|LETTER TO EDITOR|
How to deal with heterogeneity in people with low back pain?
Moazzam Hussain Khan
Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Millia Islmia, New Delhi, India
|Date of Submission||12-Sep-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||20-Sep-2020|
|Date of Web Publication||18-Oct-2020|
|How to cite this article:
Khan MH. How to deal with heterogeneity in people with low back pain?. Saudi J Sports Med 2020;20:29-30
In the modern society and use of technology, about 70%–80% of the population experienced low back pain (LBP) once or more in their lifetime. Socioeconomic status, personal habits, occupation, and psychological and mechanical factors are usually reported as a cause of initial development of LBP which also contributes further in their recurrences, and exacerbation leads to neurological symptoms.
LBP may be acute or chronic, pathological or nonpathological which may cause local back pain or later may be involvement of neurological. Lack of lumbar spinal instability in the absence of bony defects is one of the most common and ignored which further may cause neurological symptoms due to involvement of disc and nerve. Sometimes, a professional decides on the basis of radiological finding in which symptoms may or may not be present whatsoever showing in the radiological finding, and treatment should not totally be based on the radiological findings. There is an extensive list of differential diagnosis for LBP, however, most of the causes are infrequently seen in practice., It is reported that about 85% of the patients with LBP seen in a primary care have no identifiable cause, and so it is termed nonspecific LBP which may cause segmental instability.
Different treatments are available for LBP but should be based on stages and individual specific because the same problem of different subject treatment responses may not be the same. Acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, relative rest, coldness, heating, and massage therapy, and electrical modalities can be used to decrease the intensity of pain in patients with LBP for a short time in case of spinal instability. However, spinal stabilization exercise with conventional treatment will be helpful for proving spinal stability, and neural mobilization with conventional treatment is well established for chronic LBP (CLBP) without dispute to decrease pain and disability for long-term effects., Hence, apart from conventional treatment, we should also focus on spinal stability exercise for the prevention of neurological symptoms in CLBP and, if required, can add neural mobilization techniques.
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Conflicts of interest
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Parveen A, Nuhmani S, Hussain ME, Khan MH. Effect of lumbar stabilization exercises and thoracic mobilization with strengthening exercises on pain level, thoracic kyphosis, and functional disability in chronic low back pain. Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine. 2020 Jul 27;1. (Ahead-of-print).