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Hamstring injury risk factors in sport


Summary of a review of risk factors for the first-time hamstring strain injury and recurrent hamstring strain injury in sport.

Who

71,324 athletes; 8,319 total hamstring strain injuries including 967 recurrent injuries. 179 potential risk factors analyzed

Design

Systematic review and meta-analysis of 78 studies.

Outcome measures/tests

  • index (first-time injury during a period of time)
  • recurrent hamstring strain injury (HSI)

Main results

  • Modifiable risk factors for recurrent HSI:
    • decreased active knee extension just after return to play
    • reduced hamstring strength and strength endurance

Take home message

For a clinician

Reduced hamstring strength and strength endurance were associated with both first-time and recurrent hamstring strain injury in sport.

For a parent

Reduced hamstring strength and strength endurance were associated with hamstring strain injury in sport.

For an athlete

Reduced hamstring muslces strength can relate to hamstring strain injury in sport.

Original article

Green B, Bourne MN, van Dyk N, Pizzari T. Recalibrating the risk of hamstring strain injury (HSI)-A 2020 systematic review and meta-analysis of risk factors for index and recurrent HSI in sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2020 Apr 15.



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